Health Care

Guide on How Kidney Stones Are Formed?

By Malvika Kashyap

June 7, 2022

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Kidney stones form when a high concentration of minerals and other chemicals in your urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, combine to form crystals.

One or more stones are formed when crystals bind together. Stones form when your urine lacks sufficient moisture and other ingredients to prevent them from forming.

You can pass a kidney stone as small as a grain of sand without even realising it. A larger one, on the other hand, can obstruct your urine flow and cause significant discomfort.

You'll need a lot of urine to dilute the substances that could turn into stones. Your pee may appear pale yellow if you don't drink water enough or sweat excessively.

The most common sort of kidney stone occurs when calcium and oxalate bind together in the urine produced by your kidneys. 

Oxalate is a substance found in a variety of healthful foods and vegetables, including spinach, rhubarb, grits, and bran cereal.

People with inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are more likely to develop kidney stones. Bowel disorders might cause diarrhoea, causing you to pee less.

Obesity increases your chances of developing a kidney stone by almost twofold. When your BMI is 30 or over, you are considered obese.  Obesity begins at 210 pounds for a 5-foot-10 person.

Kidney stones can be caused by a variety of factors, including what you eat and certain medications.  You're more prone to get kidney stones if you or someone in your family has had one.


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